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Do you experience a severe shortness of breath while you are asleep? Are you sick and tired with the sudden awakening from a deep sleep? You might be experiencing paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea. Know more about the condition, beat the difficulties of paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea and have a peaceful sleep at night.

PND Health is a source for reliable, understandable information. With this blog, this is the best way to share the most accurate information to improve knowledge and awareness, show love and care to these people.

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How plastic is more hygienic than traditional surfaces

Plastics are solid, moldable, lightweight, and cost-efficient. Plastics tend to add comfort, safety, and convenience to our daily lives. They are used in everyday life in a variety of ways including in pillows, blankets, carpets, crockery, and cutlery, drinking water bottles, in electronic devices, sports, and in kitchens. It works ideally as a packing material since it is waterproof and heat resistant to low temperatures.

Plastics are also anti-allergens and do not promote accumulation of dust and microorganisms when kept clean. Since plastic is a non-porous substance, it does not encourage growth and development of algae, water retention, or make good breeding grounds for insects. Rodents do not consume it, and vegetation cannot find root in the hard shell of plastic.

Just as plastic is versatile in many walks of life, it is especially useful in the kitchen and in offices. Plastic is an extremely clean surface, and acrylics (a type of plastic) and plastic laminates are excellent when used to maintain strict standards of health and hygiene.

Let us look at how you can implement hygienic plastic acrylic surfaces in your day to day life.


Base Materials:

Plastic acrylic surfaces like Formica, Corian, Avonite, and Meganite are quite popular among homeowners. Acrylic countertops are also referred to as solid surface countertops and can be installed very quickly and easily. Unlike other materials like particle board substrates and plywood, plastic countertops do not require base materials for added strength and support.

Acrylic countertops are constructed with built-in support that does not rust, catch mold, become damp, or need regular reinforcement. This makes the base of acrylic countertops very hygienic amongst homeowners since children, elderly citizens, and pets are not affected by it.



Due to the nature of plastic acrylic countertops, they do not require regular cleaning and washing. You can easily maintain the countertops by wiping them clean with a few swipes of a damp washcloth or dishcloth. Some people also prefer using a dusting mop first and then wiping clean with a wet cleaning tissue.

Most acrylic countertops can also withstand strong abrasive cleansers without compromising its efficiency or durability. Since plastic is a non-reactive material, it does not interfere with regular maintenance and cleaning making plastic acrylic countertops extremely popular in daily kitchens, office pantries, and sometimes, even as office work tables.

They can also be cut out, molded to any shape and size, buffed, and blended to give a near perfect and seamless look. Acrylics and plastic laminates can also be used as kitchen backsplashes and can look uniform with the countertop to appear seamless. You can even use acrylic mirror sheets for a reflective glass like finish.

This quality of plastic helps promote cleanliness, prevents damp and mold from reaching the kitchen countertop, and can easily be cleaned to get rid of oil and food splashes. Families with children benefit significantly from acrylic and plastic laminate countertops since these materials are extremely hygienic and easy to clean.

Stain resistance:

Plastic acrylic surfaces are extremely durable and do not easily stain. As mentioned earlier, since these substances are non-reactive, they do not mix or merge easily with cooking chemicals, oils, or fats to cause stains. In case of excessive and prolonged turmeric or ink stains, it is effortless to clean acrylic surfaces with dish soap and a washcloth.

The non-porous composition of acrylics does not allow the countertop to breathe and therefore restricts the stains that may stick to the surface. Harsh stains that have solidified over time can easily be sanded out to reveal unblemished and clean, stain-free plastic beneath. This quality makes plastic acrylic countertops an extremely hygienic alternative to traditional surfaces like granite, marble, plywood, and so on.



If you prefer plastic laminate to acrylic, it is easily changeable and has all the hygienic benefits of acrylic countertops. Plastic laminates are durable, inexpensive, easy to purchase, and can be interchanged without too much of a hassle. Mounted on plywood, plastic laminate countertops are also hygienic for kitchens that see a lot of daily cooking and can withstand a lot of use.

These laminates resist grease and oil stains, are heat resistant, easy to install, and can be cleaned with water and dish soap. Since laminates sheets are glued to particle boards, wood, and surface strips, you can easily maintain a high standard of hygiene with regular cleaning.

Ensure you use a chopping board to chop and cut vegetables so that your plastic laminate lasts longer than other traditional surfaces. Wholly acrylic surfaces are not easy to interchange but are easier to maintain than plastic laminates.







By | March 27th, 2019|Uncategorized|0 Comments

When Were Contact Lenses Invented?

While contact lenses might seem like a modern invention, they are, in fact, a phenomenon that dates back centuries. Over time, technology has changed the concept of contact lenses to the type we find ourselves wearing today. The size and shape of these visual aids have changed drastically from the moment the idea was conceptualised to our current period in time. Even the materials used to construct them have substantially evolved. Let’s walk through how contact lenses progressed from their conception to their more recent characteristics.

The Concept of Contact Lenses

It all started with an iconic Italian artist and mathematician – Leonardo da Vinci. If being the mastermind behind the invention of weaponry, musical instruments, and flying machines was not enough – many researchers agree that the birth of contact lenses started with a set of sketches made by the renowned man in question himself. These sketches date back to as far as 1508 and were the first recorded suggestions that the optics of the eye could be improved by placing the cornea directly in contact with water.

Glass Contact Lenses

While da Vinci had had the vision (no pun intended), it was only in the 1800s that the idea was conceptualized. In 1823 a British astronomer named Sir John Herschel elaborated on the notion that the production of corrective lenses that had the ability to conform to the front surface of the eye could help improve a person’s sight. His role was short-lived, however, and the first contact lenses were only designed 50 years later. It was then that a German glassblower, F.A. Muller, took Herschel’s findings and made them a reality. While the outcome was a very uncomfortable glass lens that covered the whole surface of the eye (outer white included), the lens did prove to rectify vision and was the first productive step towards inventing contacts as we know them today.

Plastic Contact Lenses

1936 introduced the first pair of scleral lenses that were made from a combination of glass and plastic. Because these materials were still heavy on the eye, not to mention dangerous, the brainstorming continued and in 1948 California optician Kevin Tuohy invented an all-plastic solution. These lenses were similar to the gas permeable (GP) contact lenses of today and were also the first design to only cover the cornea. Plastic contacts were comfortable enough to wear for up to 16 hours and worked well, but there was still room for improvement.

The Introduction of Soft Contact Lenses

Czech chemists Otto Wichterle and Drahoslav Lim were on a mission to discover a softer more eye-friendly solution to the harder lenses invented by Tuohy. Their dedication to the subject led them to the discovery of the first FDA-approved soft contact lenses, this was in 1971. These lenses were the first to be deemed worthy for 24-hour use and many still prefer a soft lens over its 1986 successor; the gas permeable contact; which provides sharper vision and excellent oxygen permeability.

The Introduction of Disposable Contact Lenses

As consumers, we always want a product to be better, more convenient, and of course, more affordable. To feed this need, daily disposable soft contact lenses became available for everyday use in 1987 and at the same time, a soft contact lens that could change one’s eye colour was also introduced. It was at this point that contacts became very popular. Not only were they soft and comfortable enough to wear, but they also became somewhat of a fashion trend.

Contacts as We Know Them Today

Modern contact lenses have been designed with the latest technology and essentially, they have been created to match our fast-paced lifestyles. Over the past 20 years, we have witnessed the invention and introduction of disposable lenses featuring ultra-violet absorbers, we have seen the debut of the first multifocal soft lenses, and we have also welcomed a new generation of extended wear soft lenses. Contacts are now softer, lighter, and more durable than ever before. They have also outdone themselves in potency and have helped to regain focus beyond measure.

Some of today’s better contact lenses, especially from an online retailer like Pure Optical are ultimately breathable, durable, and comfortable. But despite already hitting the nail on the head, optometrists and scientists are pushing forward with the quest for new lens improvements. From dangerous and heavy glass discs and scratchy hard plastics to softer disposable solutions, vision enhancements of the future will surely be a sight to see.

By | January 23rd, 2019|Uncategorized|0 Comments

Best Part-Time Jobs for a Single Mother

Single mothers face the biggest challenge of raising kids on their own while financially providing for the whole family. This can become a real struggle at times, especially when it comes to balancing the time spent with children with the time spent working. That is why we decided to focus on finding the best part-time jobs for single mothers.

However, before we get into that, it is important to mention that most of these jobs will require a Criminal Records Bureau check, also known as DBS or CRB. This check will help recruiters determine whether they are making a safe decision when hiring a specific candidate. Even though it sounds complicated, going through the process is quite simple, especially since you can apply for your CRB online! Now that we got that covered, let’s take a look at the best part-time jobs for single mothers.

#1 Virtual Assistant

Working from home is one of the best options for single mothers, as it allows them to make some extra cash without leaving the kids home alone. As a virtual assistant, you will be required to handle the social media, respond to emails and take calls for the company. Some companies or organizations may have extra tasks for you but overall working as a virtual assistant is not too demanding. This opportunity also offers a decent pay per hour.

Small businesses like locksmiths could use virtual assistants to organise their schedule ensuring that they’re meeting appointments.

#2 Freelancing

Freelancing is another way to start your side hustle at home. Whether you’re good at writing, accounting, designing or anything currently demanded in the field of freelancing, you can easily find work opportunities through different freelance websites. This will also allow you to set up your own hourly rate while working at home and still being able to take care of the children.

#3 Retail Jobs

While retail jobs require you to leave the house, they are still a great opportunity to make some money on the side. This is a great option for mothers with older children who can stay at home on their own. Besides, working as a retailer may bring along employee discounts which can definitely come in handy at times. Some of the retail jobs you can look into include being a cashier, customer service representative or a sales associate.

You can even become a science party presenter! It pays well and the hours are short, especially working with kids.

#4 Call Center Representative

This is another job opportunity that allows you to work remotely from the comfort of your home. While the average hourly rate of a call center representative depends on the organization you work for, it can bring along a decent amount of money on the side. This job usually requires you to either answer customer service calls or make calls with the aim to conduct research and surveys.

Being a single mother is quite challenging but luckily there are many opportunities to make cash on the side, from working remotely to taking up retail jobs. Therefore, with a bit of extra research you can easily create a new income source but don’t forget to go through the CRB check process first!


By | August 1st, 2018|Uncategorized|0 Comments

What is a Vampire Facelift?

Vampire Facelifts have become the new rage in the cosmetic surgery industry. This new form of non-surgical facelift skin rejuvenation is developed for people who wish to attain a youthful, rejuvenated, and healthy facial look, explains Ian from Skin Excellence Clinics.

For lots of adults, skin colour fades and tends to turn grey, facial skin loses shape and becomes droopy, and the texture of the skin becomes rough, uneven, or coarse. These symptoms are also known as the three signs of ageing.

The Vampire Facelift rejuvenates the skin to make the person appear younger and youthful looking with a healthy glow to the face.

Why choose the Vampire Facelift over Cosmetic Surgery?

Cosmetic surgeries are expensive, take time, and can be difficult to recover from. Cosmetic surgeries or plastic surgeries can cause scarring that is thick and red. There is a considerable amount of bruising and swelling on the face that can be difficult to hide once the procedure is over. Cosmetic surgery removes excess skin from the face to create a younger look but does not help with plumping the face to make fine lines, wrinkles, laugh lines, and grey skin disappear.

Vampire Facelifts can fix imperfect shapes on the face without invasive surgery. The Vampire Facelift use injections of the patient’s blood to create a youthful appearance. This technology is known as Selphyl. The procedure is done from a doctor’s office and does not need surgery. The Selphyl technology injections are better and more effective alternatives to Botox. Since the dose is a thin watery liquid of the persons own blood fluid, there is no bruising or scarring. This process helps the skin become youthful, pink looking and fresh, and rejuvenated.

How does the Vampire Facelift work?

The Vampire Facelift procedure involves and extraction of blood from the arm which is then spun in a centrifuge (in a controlled environment) to separate platelets already present in the blood. The plasma rich platelets are then re-injected into the face with the help of a sharp, fine needle. It is only infected into areas that need to be restored or filled out like under eyes, forehead, crow’s feet (fine lines at the corner of the eyes), and around the mouth and chin. These injections are administered under the doctor’s care with doses of fat to plump the skin in the face to give a filled-in, even appearance to the face.

Hyaluronic Acid (HA) fillers are also used to help lift the skin to give it a good shape with a younger look. With the Vampire Facelift, there is a marked improvement in the growth of facial tissue and skin, the appearance of the texture and tone of the skin, and restoration of the face shape.

What are the advantages of the Vampire Facelift?

Since the procedure harnesses the regenerative and healing properties of the patients own blood and platelets, there are several advantages of the Vampire Facelift:

  • The Vampire Facelift can give fabulous results starting from the day of the procedure.
  • The benefits of the process can last from months to a year after the injections since the facial skin continues to heal and rejuvenate from within.
  • This procedure is not an invasive surgical process but can be likened to a skin treatment that uses the natural healing and growth properties of the body.
  • It is a nearly painless process since a local anaesthetic is administered to the face before the start of the process.
  • Platelet-rich plasma (PRP), dermal fillers and hyaluronic acid (HA) stimulate the production of collagen to regenerate facial tissues naturally.
  • Wrinkles on the nose, crow’s feet, wrinkles on the forehead, thick frown lines, smile lines, and plumping of the cheek area is possible all in one sitting.
  • The Vampire Facelift is less expensive than cosmetic surgery and can help save medical and insurance costs.
  • The time taken to complete the process is an hour to an hour and a half since the procedure involves strategic administering of injections to the face in areas that need improvement. This time includes drawing of blood, preparation of the plasma rich platelets, and the needles to the face.

Who can benefit from the Vampire Facelift?

Senior citizens with signs of aging, younger adults with imperfections on the face, men and women with dark under eyes and greying skin, and smokers (cigarette smoke interferes with tissue healing and skin regeneration) can benefit from the Vampire Facelift procedure.

This process can also be done in conjunction with Botox. It causes minimal redness and almost no bruising. The recovery time is also much faster than other surgical procedures, says Dr. Brian from www.quickdoctor.co.uk.


By | July 2nd, 2018|Uncategorized|0 Comments

How to get the best out of your skin

Skin care tips for flawless skin

Most people don’t have the time or energy to keep getting pampered at spas, spend a lot of money on expensive products, or keep changing beauty routines twice a week. With the attention on healthy and younger looking skin, it is becoming increasingly difficult for most people to maintain flawless skin due to work stress, pollution, and overexposure to the sun.

Naturally healthy, beautiful skin can be achieved with a few skin care tips. You can soon get smooth, even-textured complexion that gives off a rosy hue if you change a few essential habits for your skin care and overall health. You do not always need the assistance of makeup to look like you have camera-ready skin.

Let us look at a few skin care tips and lifestyle changes that will help you achieve flawless, healthy skin.

Get to bed:

Getting beauty sleep is not a myth! Lack of sleep causes the skin to dry out, turn a dull grey color, and causes terribly dark undereye circles. Puffy and red eyes that look tired are another side effect of sleep deprivation. If you want to have gorgeous healthy-looking skin every morning, get a minimum of 7 hours of sleep daily. Setting your sleep cycle right can help you look fresh, feel alert, and gives your skin a well maintained healthy look. Any dryness, tightness, and coarseness will also slowly start to disappear after a good night’s rest.

Use SPF:

Most people forget to apply sunscreen with SPF (Sun Protecting Factor) of 30 or higher. With summer getting to its peak, walking out into daylight without protecting your skin could be disastrous. According to Skin Excellence, sunlight causes visible signs of ageing like dark patches, spotty skin, thinning of the skin, wrinkles, and fine lines. Overexposure to the sun is one of the reasons for skin cancer. Avoid direct sunlight on your skin between 10 am and 4 pm. These are the hours when the harmful UVA and UVB rays of the sun are at their highest. If you do have to step out during these hours, wear protective full-sleeved clothing and pants that protect you from the sun. Make sure you wear a cap or hat to cover your face. A sun umbrella would also help to protect your skin.

Moisturize regularly:

Moisturizing your skin daily could be the solution to a host of skin issues. Skin needs hydration and moisture. Moisturizers help reduce the time taken for water to evaporate from the surface. This process, in turn, slows down the drying and greying of skin. Use water-based moisturizers doing the summer, and oil-based moisturizers during winter to keep your arms and legs well hydrated. When the air is dry or thin, apply an extra layer of moisturizer to preserve the water content on the surface. Inversely, if the weather is too humid, you can ease up a little on the moisturizer. 


Working out regularly helps eliminate all the toxins from the body through sweat. Similarly, it also helps in weight control and health gain. If you cannot go to the gym, opt for a brisk walk in the mornings or in the evenings. Joining a sport, swimming, or even going for a jog can help your skin tremendously. People who work out regularly are able to maintain healthy skin that remains tight due to exercise.

Diet control:

The skin will reflect what you eat. Avoid overeating oily, fatty, and sugary foods. Carbohydrates and sugars can bind collagen in the skin and cause it to look older. Ensure your diet contains healthy omega 3 (walnuts, salmon, and so on), healthy fats (olive oil), vitamins C (citrus fruits and berries), and antioxidants (green leafy vegetables like spinach, kale, and broccoli). Binge on fresh fruits and juices that contain water like melon and watermelon. You can drink fruit juices like orange and apple to improve the health and glow of your skin. Avoid processed and canned foods.

Drink water:

Water helps purify the system, keeps us well-hydrated, and clears impurities from the skin. Water, especially from a filtered water tap, helps cleanse the body of toxins and pollutants. It also helps in eliminating excess oils and dirt from our surface, thereby making it bright and fresh looking. Well-hydrated skin can be achieved by drinking minimum 3 liters of water daily. Adults can drink up to 4 liters of water daily to maintain healthy internal body temperatures, avoid acidity, remain hydrated, and regulate the digestive processes. Drinking water regularly helps visibly reduce fine lines and wrinkles within a week since water helps plump the skin. 


By | May 31st, 2018|Uncategorized|0 Comments

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